The state of Bahrain

Bahrain is the smallest island state in Asia. The Kingdom of Bahrain spread out into three large and many small islands of the Persian Gulf.

The only large city of Bahrain is its capital – the city of Manama. In terms of population, the state occupies 155th place in the world. The number of Bahrain residents increased at the expense of workers who arrived from Iran and South Asia.

Most of the territory of Bahrain is occupied by the desert. Due to the occupied geographical location of the climate in the country of tropical. Winter is warm, in winter, the air temperature does not drop below +17 ° C. In summer, the average temperature reaches +40 ° C. An average of 90 mm of precipitation falls over the year. At the bottom of the sea there are many underground keys of fresh water, which supply the population with the necessary life -giving moisture.

The plant world is relatively diverse and represented by typical succulents: a saxaul, a camel spine, tamarisk, astragalus and other desert plants. In some places there is a finite palm. The fauna of the archipelago is represented mainly by birds, small mammals and reptiles. In the sea depths of Bahrain, sea turtles are found, many fish, including their fishing species, different types of crustaceans. More than 2000 types of corals. Mollusks are represented mainly by pearls.

On the territory of this small country, it is customary to celebrate only 4 holidays: 2 of which are – New Year, International Drive Day, and 2 are purely national (Bahrain’s Independence Day and the King of the Hand Day).

Bahrain is attractive to tourists of neighboring countries. However, due to the Formula 1 Class-1 Class-1 class in the country of the World Cup, Bahrain began to visit residents and other countries. The number of tourists visiting Bahrain for the year is calculated by an average of 8 million people.

Hotel complexes in this country are equipped in the highest class. Vacationers can enjoy clean sandy beaches, ride on jeeps and camels in the desert, as well as visit other interesting places.

Bahrain, in addition to ancient culture, sports in racing, luxurious eastern bazaars, is still interesting to a number of archaeological monuments. So, for example, the Kalat-al-Bahrain fortress is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Fort is a hill of huge sizes. The construction of the structure began in the period from 2300 BC. e. and lasted the XVIII century AD. The Fort was built by whole nations: from Persians to Portuguese. In ancient times, Fort was the capital of the state on the island of Dilmun. Only a quarter of the area of ​​the entire hill is currently studied. The open layers are residential quarters of houses, barracks, mosques and fortifications. The historical value of the fortress is that several civilizations were involved in the construction of the hill, and excavations will help restore lost data about them.

Lonely Gafa tree in the middle of a sultry desert, a few kilometers from Jeel-ad-Privan, is a symbol of life on the Bahrain archipelago, and inspires with its resistance to adverse factors even the most avid pessimists. It grows at the very top of the island. Residents themselves consider it a local relic, t. To. it is not clear where the tree takes strength – the water in that area lies very deeply. However, the tree pleases the eye for almost 400 years and has reached a height already about 10 m. The scientific name of the wood – the pro -spin of Qineria. Belongs to the family of mimosa. It has long been widespread in the Indian desert Tar, from where it fell into the territory of modern Bahrain. Trees of this breed belong to xerophytes and oligotrophs. The roots of these trees can remove water from the soil at a depth of more than 30 m, and the leaves and branches adapted to receive moisture from the air. In some Bedouin tribes, it is considered to be a sacred. Therefore, thousands of tourists come to the notorious tree of life to see and photograph it. And the Bedouins come to the tree to bow and talk.

The building of the World Trade Center in Bahrain is one of the business cards of the state. The center was built in 4 years and is a semblance of a sailboat. The high towers of the center in the form of sails are connected by air bridges. The blades of three windmills are attached from below bridges, which can produce a certain amount of electricity. The project of the building was awarded two prestigious awards in the field of architecture. The center of the center consists of 50 floors. In each tower, 34 floors are reserved for offices, and the remaining 16 are assigned to entertainment. Visitors’ rise is carried out using 26 elevators. Four from which are made of glass. Rising on such a transparent elevator, you can enjoy the panorama opening gaze.

The Great Mosque Al-Fatikha is the main spiritual center of the country. Located in the capital of the state, not far from the Royal Palace. The mosque was built in the late 90s of the twentieth century and is the largest in the world. The prayer room accommodates at the same time about 7,000 people. The mosque is named after the first ruler of Bahrain. Interestingly, the dome of the building of the mosque weighing 60 tons is made of fiberglass. Therefore, thanks to this dome, the mosque is rightfully considered a unique building in the world.

The Islamic Center and Library are located in the mosque building. The complex accepts visitors every day, except on Fridays and holidays.